Tourist and child taking a break on the Pamir highway - Afghanistan in the background. The Pamir Highway (M41) linking Dushanbe, capital of Tajikistan and Khorog, capital of the p[rovince of Gorno Badakshan, in the heart of the Pamir mountains.
Tajikistan, a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. Afghanistan borders it to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and People's Republic of China to the east. Tajikistan also lies adjacent to Pakistan separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor.
Tajikistan became a republic of the Soviet Union in the 20th century, known as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic.
It was the first of the Central Asian republic to gain independence in December 1991.